MIRIK– AN OBSERVATION

                   MIRIK– AN OBSERVATION

by Payel Ghosh, 2nd Year Geography, Vidya Bhavana, Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan

Mirik is a small town in Darjeeling district of West Bengal , India .The name MIRIK comes from the Lepcha words “MIR-YOK” meaning  “place burnt by fire”. 

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GEOGRAPHICAL   LOCATION—

LATITUDE — 26.54’0”N

LONGITUDE–88.10’0”E

ALTITUDE—1767 meters

PHYSICAL   ENVIRONMENT —

TEMPERATURE—SUMMER – 29.C (MAX) WINTER – 13.C (MAX)

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RAINFALL—279.4 cm (ANNUALLY)

SNOWFALL—NO SNOWFALL

CLIMATE—COOL AND TEMPERATE CLIMATE

ROCKS— GRANITE , QUARTZ , MICA-SCHIST & GNEISS

LANGUAGE —  NEPALI , ENGLISH , HINDI

RELIGION—   HINDU, BUDDHIST , CHRISTIAN

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FOOD HABIT—Most of the people are non-vegetarian .They eat Rice , Momo ,Thuppa , Chowmein etc. The foods are not well-boiled in most of the cases. Local people eat beef, pork , chicken , mutton and a little amount of fish.

CULTURE—Traditional culture of the local people is Nepali culture .But young generation is much more familiar to western culture. And they wear western clothes rather than their traditional dress ‘BOKO’ .Very few people listen Nepali songs. And maximum Nepali songs are now sung in western style. But still now some people follow the Nepali traditions. There are some magazines which publish Nepali poems.

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EDUCATION—Educational structure is well developed in Mirik .There are many secondary and higher secondary schools of ICSE and CBSE board surrounding the locality. Recently the ‘Mirik College’ is being constructed near the ‘Motel’.

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Almost all schools are English medium, and very few schools teach in mother tongue-Nepali language .The people who went to Monastery and become Monks (Lama) study Tibetan language and Buddhist religion. Literacy rate of Mirik area is about 80%, much higher than the 65-67% literacy rate of whole India.

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 OCCUPATION— In spite of literacy rate being higher than the national average about  80% of the local population work in the tea garden as labour. 10% of them have their own farms like —vegetable farms , nursery etc. 5% – 7% are related with tourism , driving and other job. Only 2% – 5% have governmental jobs .In general the women are much more hard working than the men.

SOME PROBLEMS  OF  THE  LOCALITY

NO GOVERNMENTAL JOB— The people of Mirik are well-educated but they have not enough opportunity of governmental job in their local area. So they have to go far away from their home to earn money.

NO SAVINGS FOR FUTURE—Most of the local people are not interested to save money. They have no future financial plan. Almost the whole amount of their income is spent for daily household needs.

HIGH PROFILE LIFE STYLE—No matter what is the income, most people are conscious to latest trend of fashion. They wear expensive clothes, eat expensive foods , buy expensive things for their household use.

LACK OF UNIQUENESS—Uniqueness is lesser in this locality. The belives , the thoughts about economy , politics etc. Are similar to each other. There are only a few people who have the mentality of being unique. They do not like questining something .The interest of knowing something deeply , is not noticeable.

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WATER CRISIS—Water crisis is a bog problem of Mirik. No municipality water supply is available here. Very few  number of wells and tube-wells are present. People have to carry water for daily use and drinking purpose.

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POOR   SANITATION—Poor sanitation is observed here. The cleanness is also lesser due to water crisis. some toilets are made recently though ‘Nirmal Bharat Yojna’ of Indian government.

SOME RAYS OF DEVELOPMENT

‘BANDHAN’—WOMEN HELPING GROUP—This group helps local women to start a new business to help their family.

LOCAL   NGOs—There is a NGO called Friends of Trees Forum , which had established in 1991. This NGO works in different sector of development. They give local people medicinal trees to plant, help to examine the soil for agriculture. They do camps and awareness program to make people concuss about their surrounding and their health

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SOURCE

Local people , Local magazines ,                                                                                        self observation  and internet.

by Payel Ghosh, 2nd Year Geography, Vidya Bhavana, Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan

Editors Note:- Genuine thanks to Payel for sharing her experiences with us. We wish to hear more from her in coming days and years.

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4 Comments

  1. Sarbani Ghosh says:

    Beautiful…..

  2. ravi kant dwivedi says:

    very interesting

  3. mithu adhikary says:

    Wish u all the best Payal, U have mettle and will be a very good researcher in future. You have real interest in Demography, keep it up.

  4. Very Interesting! It isn’t easy to find quality stuff.

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